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О стандартизации, сертификации и фитосанитарных


требованиях в ОАЭ и других странах Залива.
Ввиду либерального торгового режима, специальные требования в отношении качества и безопасности практически не применяются в ОАЭ как метод ограничения нежелательного импорта. На практике импортеры широко используют систему международных сертификатов для оценки качества и конкурентоспособности предлагаемого товара на рынке.

В целом государственная система метрологии, сертификации, контроля качества и безопасности в ОАЭ находится в стадии формирования.

Федеральным органом, ответственным за внедрение национальной системы метрологии, а также стандартов безопасности и качества в соответствии с Законом ОАЭ № 28 от 2001 г., является Эмиратское агентство стандартизации и метрологии (Emirates Authority for Standardization and Metrology – ESMA).

В настоящее время ESMA занимается внедрением национальной Схемы оценки соответствия. По данной схеме, определенный перечень продуктов подлежит проверке на соответствие национальным стандартам или стандартам государств ССАГПЗ, в случае отсутствия последних применяются международные стандарты.

В соответствии с резолюцией Кабинета Министров ОАЭ № 114/2, схема с августа 2004 года применяется в отношении перечня из 5 видов продукции:


  • аккумуляторы автомобильные,

  • смазочные масла автомобильные,

  • игрушки,

  • синтетические моющие средства,

  • краски.

На каждый продукт ESMA выдает регистрационный номер и «Сертификат соответствия» на основании проведенного тестирования. Тестирование проходит исходя из допустимых требований качества, безопасности, экологии. Оплата сертификации, по мнению ESMA, является символической. Схема применяется в соответствии с требованиями ВТО как в отношении продукции местных производителей, так и импортных товаров. Заявители освобождаются от тестов в случае успешных предыдущих тестов продукции.

В настоящее время продукция, предполагаемая к экспорту из Беларуси в ОАЭ, не входит ни в одну из перечисленных групп.

На последующих этапах на основе оценки опыта работы по данному ограниченному перечню сертифицируемой продукции, предполагается расширить его до 50 позиций и более.

В конце 2004 г. первые сертификаты соответствия по указанной номенклатуре выданы 12 местным и международным компаниям.

В 2005 г. агентство ESMA разрабатывает внедрение механизмов маркировки соответствия и маркировки качества.

Для унификации подходов в рамках таможенного союза государств Залива, в 2004 г. создана Метрологическая организация ССАГПЗ с головным офисом в Эр-Рияде (Саудовская Аравия), активным участником которой является ОАЭ.

В ноябре 2004 г. ESMA учредило Национальный технический комитет по стандартам продукции электрического и электронного сектора, задачей которого является разработка и внедрение соответствующих стандартов, а также кадровое обеспечение работы в области технических стандартов.

Агентство ESMA в настоящее время также разрабатывает федеральный Закон о национальной системе стандартов.

Перечень промышленных стандартов ОАЭ приведен на сайте Министерства промышленности и финансов ОАЭ http://www.uae.gov.ae/mofi.

Дополнительно приводим информацию об общем порядке ввоза в ОАЭ.

Лицензирование импорта и экспорта в Эмиратах практически отсутствует. Однако на торговлю импортной продукцией должна быть получена лицензия. Порядок получения ее ничем не отличается от того, который установлен для лицензирования любой предпринимательской деятельности в ОАЭ.

Вместе с тем установлены лицензирование или запрет на ввоз некоторых специфических товаров. Так, запрещены к ввозу наркотики, предметы азартных игр, порнографические издания. Для импорта вооружений, боеприпасов, взрывчатых веществ, алкогольных напитков, свинины, а также наркотических веществ, используемых для медицинских целей, требуется специальное разрешение соответствующих ведомств.

Требования, предъявляемые в ОАЭ к документам, связанным с импортом товаров, не имеют особых принципиальных отличий от принятых в большинстве стран мира. При поступлении товара требуется представить таможенным органам счет-фактуру не менее чем в 5 экземплярах, из которых 3 экземпляра должны быть заверены торговой палатой страны поставщика, в отношении достоверности указанных в нем текущих экспортных цен, и 2 экземпляра - консульством ОАЭ в стране происхождения товара. Однако в случае отсутствия консульства в порту отгрузки или в том месте, где зарегистрирован поставщик, счета предоставляются без консульского удостоверения.

Счета могут быть выписаны на английском языке. Но в этом случае три их экземпляра должны быть заполнены на арабском языке, причем сделать это может эмиратский импортер.

В счетах в обязательном порядке должны указываться страна происхождения товара, названия и адреса отправителя и получателя груза, полная информация о самом товаре, его качестве и весе, о товарном знаке, расходах на страхование и фрахт, о содержимом каждого места.

Какие-либо специфические требования в отношении коносамента в ОАЭ не предъявляются. Тем не менее, следует обращать внимание на то, чтобы указанные в нем данные о товаре корреспондировались со сведениями, включенными в счет-фактуру. Название и адрес грузополучателя надо указывать на арабском языке.

Упаковочные листы сдаются таможенным органам вместе с таможенной декларацией. В них должно быть четко показано содержание каждого места груза, его вес брутто и нетто, габариты и размеры.

Сертификат о происхождении представляется в 5 экземплярах, заверенных торговой палатой и консульством ОАЭ в стране поставщика, причем каждое из этих учреждений должно оставлять у себя по одному экземпляру сертификата. В некоторых случаях требуются специальные сертификаты. Так, в частности, при поставках фруктов, овощей, растений, живых животных необходим карантинный сертификат; подержанной одежды - сертификат о проведении дезинфекции, фармацевтической продукции, изделий, содержащих алкоголь, и подобных товаров - свидетельство о проведенном анализе качества и содержимого товара.

Страховые документы предъявляются таможенным органам только при поставках на условиях СИФ.

Если при поступлении товара обнаруживается, что комплект необходимых для таможенной очистки документов не полон, или если оказывается, что они заполнены неправильно, то товар может быть передан импортеру под обеспечение банковским гарантийным письмом.

Маркировка каждого места груза должна соответствовать данным, указанным в упаковочном листе. На контейнерах, ящиках и т.п. обязательно нанесение названия и адреса получателя груза.

Для фармацевтической продукции, продовольственных товаров, напитков существуют особые правила маркировки: на этих товарах наносятся, в частности, даты выпуска и истечения срока годности.

Отгрузочные документы, в том числе счета-фактуры, должны содержать сведения о напряжении электрического тока для соответствующих товаров (машины, оборудование, электробытовые приборы и т.п.).

Все государства Залива, в которых аккредитован Посол (ОАЭ, КСА, Кувейт, Бахрейн, Катар), являются членами Международной организации стандартизации ISO, а также членами ВТО (за исключением Саудовской Аравии, которая планирует вступить в эту организацию в ближайшее время).

В связи с изложенным национальные программы стандартизации и сертификации отвечают требованиям ISO. Соответственно указанные страны являются также участниками соглашения ВТО по применению санитарных и фитосанитарных мер (соглашение SPS)- ссылки:

http://www.fedfin.gov.ae/uaeagricent/agriculture/spsagree_en.stm, http://www.wto.org/wto/english/tratop_e/sps_e/spsagr_e.htm.

Декрет, регулирующий федеральные фитосанитарные меры ОАЭ, приведен по ссылке: www.maf.govt.nz/biosecurity/exports/forests/standards/united-arab-emirates.htm.



Дополнительную информацию о фитосанитарном регулировании ОАЭ можно получить по ссылке http://www.fedfin.gov.ae/uaeagricent/ либо по нижеприведенным контактным координатам.

Направляем также имеющуюся информацию по запрошенной тематике по странам аккредитации Посла по совместительству в отношении регулирующих органов, нормативных актов, стандартов, перечней товаров, подлежащих сертификации, условий ввоза и других требований (на английском языке).
Контактные координаты государственных организаций, ответственных за стандартизацию, сертификацию и фитосанитарные требования.

United Arab Emirates (ESMA)

Address

Emirates Authority for Standardization and Metrology
P.O. Box 2166




AE-ABU DHABI

 

 

Tel

+971 2 671 11 10

Fax

+971 2 671 59 99

E-mail

esma@uae.gov.ae

 

 

ISO Membership category

Member bodies


Qatar (QS)

Address

Qatar General Organization for Standards and Metrology
P.O. Box 23277




QA-Doha

 

 

Tel

+974 447 98 05

Fax

+974 447 90 52

E-mail

standard@qatar.net.qa

 

 

ISO Membership category

Member bodies


Saudi Arabia (SASO)

Address

Saudi Arabian Standards Organization
Imam Saud Bin Abdul Aziz Bin Mohammed Road (West End)
P.O. Box 3437




SA-Riyadh 11471

 

 

Tel

+966 1 452 00 00

Fax

+966 1 452 00 86

E-mail

saso@saso.org.sa

Web

http://www.saso.org.sa

 

 

ISO Membership category

Member bodies

Kuwait (KOWSMD)

Address

Public Authority for Industry
Standards and Industrial Services Affairs (KOWSMD)
Standards & Metrology Department
Post Box 4690 Safat




KW-13047 Kuwait

 

 

Tel

+965 530 26 26

Fax

+965 530 26 25

E-mail

Kowsmd@pai.gov.kw

Web

http://www.pai.gov.kw

 

 

ISO Membership category

Member bodies

Bahrain (BSMD)

Address

Directorate of Standards and Metrology
Ministry of Commerce
Building 240, road 1704, block 317
Diplomatic Area




BH-Bahrain

 

 

Postal Address

P.O. Box 5479, Manama




Ministry of Commerce




BH-Bahrain

 

 

Tel

+973 17 57 48 71

Fax

+973 17 53 07 30

E-mail

bsmd@commerce.gov.bh

 

 

ISO Membership category

Member bodies



Контактные координаты по вопросам карантина и фитосанитарии в ОАЭ:


Mohamed Mouse Abdulla
Head of Plant Quarantine Inquiry Point
Tel: 00971-4-2957650
Fax: 00971-4-2957766
Email: plant.maf@uae.gov.ae
P.O. Box: 1509
Dubai
United Arab Emirates
 
Majed Zakaria Ramadan
Specialist in SPS agreement
Tel: 00971-4-2026708<
Fax: 00971-4-2957766
Email: majedzakaria.maf@uae.gov.ae
P.O. Box: 1509
Dubai
United Arab Emirates

Saudi Arabian Import Standards and Procedures
SASO Certificates of Conformity for Imported Goods
A company interested in the Saudi Arabian market needs to comply with standards set by the Saudi Arabian Standards Organization (SASO). SASO formulates national standards for all commodities and products as well as standards concerned with metrology, calibration, marking and identification of commodities and products, methods of sampling, and inspection and testing.

In November 1995, the Saudi Ministry of Commerce implemented the International Conformity Certification Program (ICCP), in coordination with SASO. SASO relies primarily on international standards when issuing Saudi specifications, and SASO specification conformity is applied to all products, both locally produced and imported, to provide the necessary consumer protection. All of the approved SASO procedures, including the ICCP program, work within the guidelines of the International Standards Organization.

The SASO ICCP requires a Certificate of Conformity for every shipment of SASO-regulated products destined for the Kingdom. Three different methods exist to obtain the Certificate of Conformity. These methods depend on the product type and frequency of export of the product to Saudi Arabia. Before a Certificate of Conformity can be issued, each shipment must provide evidence of conformity to SASO requirements. Shipments arriving without a Certificate of Conformity will be rejected at the Saudi port of entry. SASO has appointed Country Offices in locations throughout the world that perform a conformity verification on each shipment prior to its leaving the port of export. In addition, SASO has authorized Regional Licensing Centers to administer the registration process, carry out verification of conformity, and issue SASO Type Approval Licenses. In some cases, random sampling of the products and testing will also be required by the SASO Country Office.

The program currently applies to 76 product categories. Exporters of regulated food products may choose to have their products certified before shipment or tested upon arrival by the Ministry of Commerce and Industry. However, if the results are negative, the shipment will be rejected. Therefore, it is advisable that a Certificate of Conformity be obtained prior to shipping to the Kingdom. The ICCP is applicable to all groups of new and used vehicles that will be driven on roads in Saudi Arabia, including passenger cars, multi-purpose vehicles, buses, pick-up trucks, heavy trucks, and ambulances.

The procedures for obtaining a Certificate of Conformity are as follows:

- The exporter submits a written request to the appropriate SASO Country Office for inspection and testing of the products requiring a Certificate of Conformity, together with full details of the consignment.

- The Country Office completes the necessary steps appropriate to the product in order to meet SASO requirements. These steps will depend upon existing product certifications and whether the product is covered by a valid registration, as well as the frequency with which the product is exported. If the products are registered, the Country Office will set up an inspection plan which may or may not require products to be sampled for testing.

- If the products are not registered, they will be sampled and tested according to SASO requirements. Assuming the testing and/or inspection produces satisfactory compliance results, a Certificate of Conformity is issued. The Certificate of Conformity should accompany the shipping documents.

- If the products do not meet the SASO requirements, the exporter will be given a complete explanation of the deficiency. If acceptable corrective action is not taken, no Certificate of Conformity will be issued and the Ministry of Commerce and Industry, SASO representatives, and the importer will be advised accordingly.

When the shipment arrives at the Saudi Arabian port of entry, the Ministry of Commerce and Industry and SASO technical staff will request the accompanying Certificate of Conformity. Each Certificate of Conformity will be checked for authenticity and matching details. After satisfactory checks, SASO will issue a letter of release.


PRODUCTS REGULATED UNDER ICCP

No.

Item

 

H.S. Code

GROUP I • Toys

I-01a

Toys including video games and other electronic toys

 

8712.00 / 9501 / 9502 / 9503 / 9504.10 / 9504.90 / 9505

I-01b

Playground, amusement and fairground equipment

 

From 9506.99 / 9508/ From 3407

GROUP II • Electronics and Electrical Products

II-01

Air conditioning systems up to 60,000 BTU (5 tons)

 

8415.10.20 / 8415.81.20 / 8415.82.20 / 8415.83.20

II-02

Combined function audio and/or video systems (non-professional)

 

8518.30 / 8518.50 / 8520.30/Combinations of II-03, II-04, II-41, II-43

II-03

Non-professional stand-alone audio products (except radio receivers)

 

8518.21 / 8518.22 / 8518.29 / 8518.40 / 8519.21/8519.29 / 8519.31 / 8519.39 / 8519.92/8519.93 / 8519.99 / 8520.20 / 8520.90

II-04

Video playing and recording systems (non-professional)

 

8521.10 / 8521.90 / 8525.40

II-05

Generator sets up to 12 KW

 

8502.11 / 8502.20

II-06

Motors up to 12 KW

 

8501.10 / 8501.31 / 8501.32 / 8501.40 / 8501.51 / 8501.52

II-07

Fax and telex machines




8517.21 / 8517.22

II-08

Household cooking appliances




8516.60 / 8516.72

II-09

Clothes washing machines up to 10 KG and household dishwashing machines




8450.11 / 8450.12 / 8450.19/ 8422.11

II-10

Clothes drying machines up to 10 KG




8451.21

II-11

Electric irons, ironers and clothes steamers




8451.30 / 8516.32 / 8516.40

II-12

Domestic electro-mechanical kitchen appliances including food processors, meat choppers, and grinders




8509.40 / 8509.80

II-13

Personal care/grooming appliances (shavers, hair clippers, hair-removing, and massagers)




8510.10 / 8510.20 / 8510.30 / 9019.10

II-14

Lift and elevator systems




8428.10 / 8431.31

II-15

Household microwave ovens




8516.50

II-16

Electric ovens up to 10 KW




8516.60

II-17

Copy machines and accessories




9009.11 / 9009.12 / 9009.21 / 9009.22 / 9009.30/ 9009.90

II-18

Personal computers (desktops/portables) storage units, peripherals, and other input/output devices




8471.41 / 8471.49 / 8471.50 /8471.60 / 8471.70 / 8473.30

II-19

Power transformers and distribution transformers up to 1,000 KVA




8504.21 / 8504.22 / 8504.31 / 8504.32 / 8504.33 / 8504.34

II-20

Household refrigerators and freezers up to 40 cubic feet including household refrigerating display cabinets




8418.10 / 8418.21 / 8418.22 / 8418.29 / 8418.30 / 8418.40/ 8418.50

II-21

Telephone sets, including mobile, cordless telephones, and modems




8517.11 / 8517.19 / 8525.20 / 8517.50

II-22

Electric wires and cables up to 1,000V




8544.51 / 8544.59

II-23

Non-industrial vacuum cleaners, water suction appliances and shampooers




8509.10 / 8509.80

II-24

Household electric fires and heaters




8516.21 / 8516.29

II-25

Drinking water coolers and fountains




8418.69.10

II-26

Evaporative air coolers (desert coolers and humidifiers) up to 1.5 KW




8415.10.10 / 8415.82.10/8415.82.90/8415.83.10 / 8415.83.90

II-27

Domestic electric fans




8414.51 / 8414.60

II-28

Compressors for cooling units up to 60,000 BTU




8414.30

II-29

Tea and coffee brewing appliances and appliances for heating




8516.71

II-30

Incandescent, fluorescent and discharge luminaires, fixtures, and lampholders




8536.61/ 9405.10 / 9405.20

II-31

Manually operated household switches, circuit breakers and fuses up to 40A




8536.10 / 8536.20 / 8536.50

II-32

Incandescent, tubular fluorescent and discharge lamps




8539.21 / 8539.22 / 8539.29 / 8539.31 / 8539.32

II-33

Ballasts for discharge type lamps (including tubular fluorescent lamps)




8504.10

II-34

Starters for discharge type lamps (including tubular fluorescent lamps)




8532.10

II-35

General use mains plugs, socket outlets and mains configuration adapters




8536.69

II-36

Luminaires for road and street lighting




9405.40

II-37

Batteries, including rechargeable and automotive




8506.10 / 8506.30 / 8506.40 / 8506.50/ 8506.60/ 8506.80 / 8507.10 / 8507.30 / 8507.40

II-38

Immersed swimming pool luminaires




9405.40

II-39

Hair care equipment (hand-held hair dryers, hair curlers, waving apparatus, and curling tong heaters)




8516.31, 8516.32

II-40

Water pumps up to 12 KW




8413.70

II-41

T.V. sets (color and black/white)




8528.12 / 8528.13

II-42

General use mains voltage converters and power supplies and battery chargers




8504.40

II-43

Stand alone radio receivers




8527.12 / 8527.13 / 8527.19 / 8527.21 / 8527.29

II-44

Storage and instant type water heaters up to 200 liters




8516.10

II-45

Watt hour meters




9028.30

II-46

Household sewing machines




8452.10

GROUP III • Automotive Products

III-01a

Passenger automobiles, trucks, buses and multi-purpose vehicles (new)

 

8701 / 8702 / 8703 / 8704 / 8705

III-01b

Passenger automobiles, trucks, buses and multi-purpose vehicles (used)

 

8701 / 8702 / 8703 / 8704 / 8705

III-02

Automotive glass (windshield, side, and rear glass)

 

7007.21

III-03

Vehicle spare parts (new), including radiators and hoses, brakes and parts, lights, filters, silencers and exhaust pipes, clutches and parts, child restraints, spark plugs, wiper blades and motors, safety belts, fuel tanks, mirrors, bumpers, door locks and hinges, tire tubes, and v-belts, gauges, rims, and steering rods.

 

40.09 / 4010.22 / 4013.10, 4013.90 / 70.09 / 8301.20 / 8302.30 / 8421.23 / 8421.31 / 8501.10 / 8511.10 / 8512.20 / 8512.40 / 8539.10 / 8708.10 / 8708.20 / 8708.21 / 8708.29 / 8708.91/ 8708.92 / 8708.93 / 8708.94 / 8708.99 / 9026.20 / 9026.80 / 9401.20

III-04a

New tires for passenger automobiles, trucks, buses and multi_purpose vehicles

 

4011.10 / 4011.20

GROUP IV • Chemical Products

IV-01

Engine, transmission, hydraulic, turbine, transformer oils, brake fluid, and anti-freeze coolant

 

2710.00.52 / 2710.00.53 / 2710.00.54/2710.00.55 / 2710.00.94/ 2710.00.95 / 2710.00.96 / 38.19 / 38.20

IV-02

Paints

 

All 3208 / All 3209

IV-03

Perfumes and cosmetics

 

3302.90 / All 3303 / All 3304 / All 3305 /All 3306 / 3307.10 / 3307.20 / 3307.30 / 3307.49.10 / 3307.90.10 / 3401.11

IV-04

Domestic use pesticides and insecticides

 

3808

GROUP V • Others

V-01

Aluminum and aluminum alloy products for architectural application

 

7604 / 7606 / 7608 / 7609 / 7610 / 7616

V-02

Steel and iron alloy pipes

 

7304 / 7305 / 7306 / 7307

V-03

Gold and silver jewelry (including gemstones)

 

7113.11 / 7113.19 / 7113.20/ 7114.11 / 7114.19 / 7114.20/ 7116.10 / 7116.21

V-04

Head dress for men — cotton shimaghs and ghutras

 

6505.91.10 / 6505.90.30

V-05

Fire extinguishers up to 24 KG

 

8424.10

V-06

Cement

 

2523.21 / 2523.29.10 / 2523.29.20

V-07

Safety matches

 

3605.00

V08

Low pressure regulators and pressure cookers

 

8481.10 / 7323.93 / 7323.99

V-09

Toilet paper, facial tissues, paper towels, and serviettes

 

4818.10 / 4818.20 / 4818.30

V-10

Cigarettes only

 

2402.20

V-11

Household and camping gas appliances, including heaters, cookers, barbecues, and lamps

 

7321.11 / 7321.81 / 9405.50

Additional information is also available through the Internet at http://www.saso.org.sa.

 
Food Standards
As with other Saudi standards, Saudi Arabian food import standards are set by the Saudi Arabian Standards Organization (SASO). Once products enter Saudi Arabia, most processed and packaged products will be tested by the Ministry of Commerce and Industry laboratories at various ports of entry. The Saudi Ministry of Health’s Environmental Control Department tests foodstuffs at the point of sale for product safety standards.
LABELING
At a minimum, labels must contain the product name, packer’s name, country of origin or manufacture, listing of ingredients, instructions (where applicable) for the end use of the product, and shelf-life of the product.

- Labels of prepackaged foodstuffs and attached labeling must be in the Arabic language. When languages other than Arabic are used on the label, all information in the other language(s) must be the same as the information written in Arabic.

- Food products containing animal fat, meat, meat derivatives, excretions and their products such as gelatin and rennet, must declare on the label the kind of animal from which they are taken and that they are legally permissible.

- Prepackaged foodstuffs prepared for feeding animals must have a statement of declaration that they are "unfit for human consumption – for animal feeding only" clearly written on the label.

- A complete list of ingredients in descending order of proportion, including additives permitted for use according to Saudi or international standards and legislation, such as preservatives, coloring, etc is required.

- The label must include net contents in metric units (volume in case of liquids).

- Name and address of manufacturer, packer, distributor, importer, exporter or vendor is required.

- Special storage, transportation and preparation instructions, if any, should be included.

- The country of origin must be clearly marked.

- The production and expiration dates must be marked clearly on the label. Production date is considered the first day of the month shown and the expiration date is considered the last day of the month shown. A one year shelf-life, for instance, would be shown as Jan. 99 - Dec. 99.

- Over-prints, erasable printing or stamping of any of the shelf-life information are not permitted. However, only one "sticker" providing all information in Arabic as provided in the original label is allowed on a packaged product provided that the sticker does not cover and/or conceal the details on the original label. Packaging materials and methods should be suitable to the packaged material to avoid reaction with the contents.

- In the case of products with no specified shelf-life, or expiration date, such as salt, spices, milled rice, etc., only the date of production or processing should be shown.

New standards for the labeling of genetically modified food went into effect December 1, 2001. The Saudi Food Safety Committee set a one percent threshold maximum for defining a genetically modified food. Most suppliers choose to declare their products free of genetically modified items. The Ministry of Commerce and Industry and Industry is expected to conduct random tests of products for the use of genetically modified products. In February 2003 the Saudi Ministry of Agriculture issued new regulations on labeling for genetically modified food. Below is a summary of the regulations:

- A label must be placed on genetically modified items for the following products: fresh fruits, vegetables and dates; cereals used as fodder for animals such as barley, durra, millet, soybean, chaff, straw and the harvest of all its types; planting seed; and agricultural transplants and decorated plants

- A triangle must be on the label and the text should read "Contains Genetically Modified Product(s)," and the statement must be clearly written in Arabic and English and printed in an ink color different from that of the main product tag.

- Genetically modified products or genetically engineered products exported to Saudi Arabia must be approved for consumption in their country of origin. Each shipment must be accompanied by a health certificate issued by a government agency stating that the genetically modified ingredient(s) used in the foodstuff is approved in the country of origin for human or animal consumption.

- All imported genetically modified foods must conform with the legal and moral rules in Saudi Arabia and comply with all pertinent Saudi Arabian standards and specifications.

- Import of genetically modified animals, birds, and their by-products is prohibited.

- The regulations shall apply to all genetically modified imported and locally produced agricultural products beginning one year from the date they were issued (February 5, 2003). Products that do not meet the requirements of the regulations will not be allowed to enter the Kingdom after this grace period.

- The Animal and Plant Quarantine Department of the Ministry of Agriculture will be responsible for implementing the regulations.

Saudi Arabia allows the importation of irradiated foods. Standards are being developed by SASO.

Specifications for individual products may not be included in this list. Exporters therefore should check with their Saudi distributor for nutritional labeling requirements for products with special dietary uses.


OTHER LABELING REQUIREMENTS
Food additives and antioxidants used in foodstuffs have additional labeling requirements. For more information on these requirements, interested companies should contact the following:

Information Center


SASO
P.O. Box 3437
Riyadh 11471, Saudi Arabia
Tel.: 966-1-452-0132
Fax: 966-1-452-0196
http://www.saso.org.sa

Quality Control and Inspection Department


Ministry of Commerce and Industry
Saudi Arabia
Tel.: 966-1-401-3265
Fax: 966-1-402-8985
PACKAGING AND CONTAINER REQUIREMENTS
The main general packaging requirements are listed below as stated in the Saudi Arabian standards document, Standard No. SSA 1149/199. All packaging materials used in fabricating, forming, or treating packages must be of food grade for contact with foods and in compliance with relevant Saudi standards. Packages and containers must:

- Be clean and in a condition that does not allow any contamination probabilities of the contained material.

- Maintain their properties and protect the product from gaining undesirable odors, flavors, and tastes.

- Protect the product against contamination with microorganisms, insects, rodents, and dirt in the cases of products that require it.

- Be impermeable to moisture in the cases of food products that require it.

- Protect against environmental conditions and mechanical hazards such as impacts, vibration, and static stresses, and be in an intact appearance during handling.

- Not affect the container as a result of migration of some of their constituents that may react or be mixed with the food materials.

- Not be in a pharmaceutical shape.


PLASTIC PACKAGING STANDARDS
General requirements for plastic packaging follow Saudi Standard No. SASO 1301/1997, which deals with specifications for plastic packages of food materials. One of the regulations stipulated in this document requires concentration of a vinyl chloride monomer not to exceed 1 mg per kg of the plastic material, or 0.01 mg per kg of the packaged food material if the packages are made of polyvinyl chloride (PVC).
PESTICIDES AND OTHER CONTAMINANTS
The Kingdom and other members of the GCC have developed standards for pesticides and other contaminants. SASO developed these requirements in an international context, as they were mainly adapted from CODEX Alimentarius standards. For more information on these standards, interested companies should contact the Ministry of Agriculture at the following address:

Agricultural Research Department


P.O. Box 2639
Riyadh 11195
Tel.: 966-1-405-5848
Fax: 966-1-403-1415/404-4592
Export Documentation Requirements

COMMERCIAL DOCUMENTS


Once a company has met the Saudi standards specifications, it should ensure that all of the required forms and documentation are gathered. The documents required for all commercial shipments to the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia are:

- commercial invoice

- certificate of origin

- bill of lading (or airway bill)

- steamship (or airline) company certificate

- insurance certificate (if goods are insured by the exporter)

- packing list

Additional documents may be required, depending on the type of goods being shipped, on certain requests from the Saudi importer or in the letter of credit (L/C), or according to a contract.


PROCEDURES FOR CERTIFICATION OF EXPORT DOCUMENTS
The exporter is responsible for authenticating the certificate of origin, the commercial invoice, and any special documents. The documents must be certified in the following order:

1) Certified by the________________________.

2) Legalized by the Saudi Embassy or any Saudi Consulate

All shipments must contain two basic documents — the Certificate of Origin and the Commercial Invoice — and any other related documents required by the L/C to be certified and legalized. Each document should be prepared in (at least) an original and one copy. Additional copies will be legalized upon request. All documents (original or copies) should bear the handwritten signature of the person issuing the document. Facsimile signatures are not accepted.

In addition, all exporters are required by the Saudi Government to submit an electronic Export Information Sheet (EIS) for each shipment. Detailed instructions for this requirement are available at the EIS home page (http://208.246.30.22), which is part of the Saudi Arabian Commercial Office (www.saudicommercialoffice.com) website. The electronic EIS form should be completed online first and a hard copy printed out for submission with the commercial invoice, certificate of origin, and other required shipping documents. The printed EIS form does not need to be authenticated.

For returns of documents by overnight courier, include a completed airway bill of the courier (UPS, DHL, FedEx, Express Mail, etc) with the return address or instructions in writing on how they should be returned, with a contact name and business telephone numbers, to avoid delays. Once your documents are returned, please be sure to make your own copies of the certified documents.


Shipping Documents

COMMERCIAL INVOICE


All commercial invoices must be on the exporting company’s letterhead. The invoice should contain the names and addresses of the consignor and the consignee, and must accurately describe goods and components (including the six-digit Harmonized System number), trademarks, name of the vessel (or airline) and the date of sailing, port of loading and port of discharge, net and gross weight, quantity, unit price and extended price of each type of goods, total value of the shipment, contents of each package and container, currency, L/C number (if applicable) and freight and insurance.

Saudi customs authorities have emphasized that commercial invoices issued by exporters should contain an accurate description of the goods being exported to the Kingdom. It should include:



For equipment:

• line, number, and size of exported item


• model number
• trademarks
• manufacturer’s complete name
• any other information helpful in identifying the exported equipment

For other exported products:

• complete material description including type, size, weight, and percentage of its components if possible


• complete name(s) of manufacturer(s) or producer(s)
• trademarks
• any other information pertaining to the type of the exported item

Commercial invoices should contain a statement, signed by a responsible official of the exporting firm, saying: "I certify this invoice to be true and correct and in accordance with our books, also that the goods referred to are of Belarus origin."


CERTIFICATE OF ORIGIN
The Certificate of Origin must be issued by the manufacturer (or the exporting firm), and must include the name of the vessel (airline) and the date of sailing, name(s), nationality(ies), and full street address(es) of the manufacturer(s) of all items to be shipped to Saudi Arabia. Furthermore, the origin of each item or component must be specified. In addition, a signed statement to the effect that the document is true and correct must be given. If the merchandise is not solely and exclusively a product of the Republic of Belarus, a notarized "Appended Declaration to the Certificate of Origin" (available from the Saudi Consulates) must be attached to the Certificate of Origin. Saudi Arabia only allows direct imports.

In addition, the Certificate of Origin must include the name and address of the Saudi importer, a description of the goods, and the address of the shipping company.


THE BILL OF LADING (OR AIRWAY BILL)
One nonnegotiable copy of the bill of lading is to be presented to a Saudi Arabian Consulate. The bill of lading should agree with the commercial invoice and show description, value, net and gross weight of shipped goods, volume and measurement, marks, number of packages, name and address of the consignee (Saudi importer) and consignor, name and address of shipping company and/or shipping agent, name of vessel and date of sailing, port of loading and port of discharge. Marks and numbers should agree with those on the invoice and containers.
STEAMSHIP CERTIFICATE
This certificate (which is an Appended Declaration to Bill of Lading or airway bill) should be issued by the steamship (or airline) company in at least one original. It must be notarized and contain the following information about the vessel (or plane), named in the Bill of Lading or the airline company certificate:

• name of vessel (plane), and previous name (if applicable)


• nationality of vessel (plane)
• owner of vessel (plane)
• names of ports (airports) that the vessel (plane) will call on en route to the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, including port (airport) of loading and port (airport) of discharge.

Further, the steamship (airline) company certificate should declare that the vessel (plane) shall not anchor or call on any other ports (airports) than those mentioned in it, and that all information provided in the certificate is true and correct. The standard form of "Appended Declaration to the Bill of Lading" (or airway bill) is available from the Saudi Consulates.


INSURANCE CERTIFICATE
This certificate (issued by an insurance company in at least one original) must contain the actual amount of insurance, description and value of insured goods, name of vessel, port of loading and Saudi port of discharge, and name and address of beneficiary. In addition, the "Appended Declaration to Insurance Policy" (available from the Saudi Consulates) should state that the insurance company has a duly qualified and appointed agent or representative in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, giving his name and full address.

If the shipment is insured by an insurance company in Saudi Arabia, the exporter, on their letterhead, must state the name and address of that company.


PACKING LIST
This includes names and addresses of consignor and consignee, description and value of the exported goods, net and total weight, number of packages and their contents, number of containers and contents, number of seals, and L/C number (if applicable).
FOOD PRODUCTS DOCUMENTS
Requirements for labeling food and food products sold in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia are determined by the SASO. Exporters of these products should comply (among other SASO standards) with Mandatory Standards SSA 1/1984, whether for sample demonstration or for commercial shipments, and must provide the following certificates:

1. Food Manufacturer’s Ingredients Certificate. This certificate should include a description of the exported food products (contents and percentage of each ingredient), chemical data, microbiological standards, storage, and life of product (date of manufacture and date of expiration). When products contain any animal fats, the certificate must confirm the kind of animal from which it is taken, or state that no pork meat or its artificial flavor nor its animal fat is being used. This certificate must be obtained from a local health department and must be signed.

2. Health Certificate. This certificate confirms the healthiness of the various ingredients of the exported food products to Saudi Arabia, and their safety and fitness for human consumption. The certificate must be obtained from a local health department. The certificate must contain a signature from a health department.

3. Price List. The price list should be issued by the exporter on his letterhead, and should indicate that the prices of the exported products to the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia are the standard market prices.
SEEDS AND GRAINS REQUIREMENTS
In addition to the general shipping documents, the exporter of seeds or grains must provide the following authenticated certificates:

1. Certificate of Inspection. The certificate must be issued by a company specializing in seed inspection, and include:

• name and address of buyer


• name and address of seller
• kind and amount
• seed class
• name of shipping vessel
• type of packing
• the written information on sacks, bags and each package
• results of inspection and percentage of germination, purity, impurity, and moisture
• method of chemical treatment of the seeds
• confirmation that the seeds are free from insects, epidemics, diseases and weed seeds (their number and species in a sample of two kilograms must be mentioned).

2. Phytosanitary Certificate. The purpose of this certificate is to verify that the seeds or grains to be exported to the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia are free from agricultural diseases. This certificate is required to accompany all shipments of flour, rice, grains, agricultural seeds, lumber, plants, and plant material.

3. Seed Analysis Certificate. This certificate is to prove the degree of purity of the seeds shipped to Saudi Arabia.

4. Certificate of Weight. This certificate is issued by the exporting company and indicates the name and address of the Saudi importer, name of the shipping vessel, number of the bill of lading, number of seals and containers, and net and total weight of shipment.
VEGETABLE AND FRUIT
A vegetable and fruit health certificate must accompany all shipments of vegetables and fruits to the Kingdom certifying that such exports are free from pests, insects, and other agricultural diseases, and that they have not been exposed to ionizing radiation (but can be treated with aluminum phosphide). This certificate can be obtained from local health department. In addition to the general shipping documents, the shipment must include:

• Certificate of Free Sale


• Product Registration Certificate
• Certificate of Analysis
• Product Safety Data Sheet
MEATS
In addition to the general shipping documents all meat shipments must be accompanied by the following certificates:

1. Certificate of "Halal" Meat. This certificate indicates that slaughtering has taken place in an officially licensed slaughterhouse according to Islamic procedures. It should include the date of slaughtering, the type and age of animal, and a note saying that it was examined by a veterinarian 12 hours before slaughter. The "Halal" Meat Certificate should be legalized by a recognized Islamic Center and attested to by the Saudi Embassy or its representative.

2. Official Health Certificate. This certificate should indicate the date of slaughter, kind of animal and average age, in each shipment. The Health Certificate must also indicate that animals were examined within twelve hours before being slaughtered, and directly after, by a licensed veterinarian, and were found free from pests and/or disease and suitable for human consumption. It should also state that the animal has not been fed with fodder made from animal proteins, animal fats, or waste. Saudi regulations require imported frozen chickens to also have salmonella tests.

Meat imports should not contain intestines, sensitive organs or the head. A part of the tail must be left. Frozen meat must arrive in the Kingdom within four months from the date of slaughter. The shipment should come directly from the country of origin.


ANIMALS
In June 2003 the Saudi Cabinet endorsed a veterinary quarantine law that was adopted by the 21st Gulf Cooperation Council Summit in December 2000. The new law covers the import and export of all livestock and their products, remains, and fodder, and prohibits the entry of any animal infected with an epidemic disease. The law also conforms to the systems and regulations of the World Trade Organization.
LIVESTOCK
In addition to the general shipping documents, the shipment must include:

• Certificate of Weight, showing the average weight of the exported livestock


• Health Certificate
• Health Certificate, issued by a veterinarian
• Pedigree Certificate
• Production records
• Declaration of Inspection and Acceptance
HORSES
Only Saudis are allowed to import horses into the Kingdom. The importer should submit an application to the President of the Saudi Equestrian Club, indicating the number of horses, exporting country, and customs center at the port of entry to the Kingdom. The application should be accompanied by the following documents:

• A Certificate of Origin, issued by the company raising and breeding the horses, with a color picture of each horse affixed to it. The certificate must be approved by a Saudi Arabian Consulate.


• A Health Certificate, confirming that the horses are free from diseases, approved by a veterinarian and authenticated as above.
SHIPMENT OF PETS
Only guard, hunting, and seeing-eye dogs are allowed into Saudi Arabia. The required documents include:

•A Health Certificate issued by a veterinarian and approved that the animals are free from diseases


•An Animal Vaccination Certificate
MEDICINES AND PHARMACEUTICALS
Saudi imports of pharmaceuticals and medicinal products are required to have a Certificate of Free Sale, which confirms that the product is legally sold in the Republic of Belarus. The certificate must state that the medicines are used by the public under the same trade name and formula, and it must also include the name of each product, the formula, and the date and number of the permit to manufacture them if one is required. The certificate must be authenticated by a Saudi Arabian Consulate.

No medicine or pharmaceutical products are admitted into the Kingdom unless a prior registration is made with the Ministry of Health. The Ministry examines the applications supported by the required certificates and legalized by a Saudi Consulate, and analyzes the samples to ensure that they conform to the specifications before granting a license. For further information, contact the Ministry of Health, Department of Registration of Medicines and Pharmaceuticals, at the following address:

General Directorate of Medical & Pharmaceutical Licenses
Ministry of Health
P.O. Box 21217
Riyadh 11176
Tel.: 966-1-464-0811
Fax: 966-1-464-5536
MOTOR VEHICLES
At least three months before dispatching the first consignment of any type of motor vehicles in any year, the manufacturer must send a certificate to SASO in the country of origin, stating that the said company has not been indicted in any malpractice suit. The certificate must be notarized by a Saudi Embassy or Consulate. Cars imported into the Kingdom for personal use, regardless of their value, do not require complete shipping documents.

For used vehicles, a company must request a registration application from any licensing center of SASO. Once completed, the application should be returned to SASO along with a registration fee. SASO will issue a statement that the company has been registered.


COMMERCIAL SAMPLES
Commercial samples are subject to the payment of customs duty and surcharge either by a deposit equal to the duty at the time of import or by a bank guarantee. A refund is made if the goods are re-exported within 12 months. If samples are sold, neither deposit nor guarantee will be refunded. Prior permission to import samples must be obtained from the Director General of Customs, Customs Department, who should be furnished with lists of samples, prices and catalogues. A non-refundable duty of 12 percent is levied for imports of samples of jewelry and watches. Authenticated shipping documents are required for all shipments of commercial samples.
ARRANGEMENT OF EXPORT DOCUMENTS
Export documents must be presented to the Saudi Arabian Consulate in the following order, stapled together:

1) Commercial Invoice


2) Certificate of Origin
3) Insurance Certificate
4) Bill of Lading (or airway bill)
5) Steamship Certificate
6) Packing List
7) Any product specific documents

The Export Information Sheet should accompany these documents but should not be stapled together with them.


Commercial Legal Documents

Legal documents include:

- Power of Attorney

- Agency Agreements

- Sole Distributorship

- Trademark Registration

- Certificates of Free Sale

- Bid or Tender Documents

- Registration of Partnerships, Corporations, or Joint Ventures

All companies’ documents must be legalized as follows:

• Notarized by a Notary Public
• Certified by the County Clerk of the respective county where the Notary Public is commissioned
• Certified by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the state where the documents originated
• Authenticated by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs
• Legalized by a Saudi Consulate
Customs Duties
In 2001 Saudi Arabia reduced customs tariffs on imported goods from 12 and 7 percent to 5 percent in preparation for implementing a customs union among the six GCC members, Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, and the United Arab Emirates. This Customs Union became effective January 1, 2003. Saudi Arabia still imposes a 20 percent duty on some imports to support national industries. Most basic consumer products are duty free, including the following:

- Food products, such as grains, livestock and meat, rice, tea, coffee, and sugar

- Machinery, equipment, and raw materials imported by Saudi industrial companies and companies with a Foreign Investment License, hospital supplies, and electrical supplies for regional electricity companies

- Medicine

- Books

- Military equipment

- Gold, silver, and platinum

In addition, some items are subject to customs duties calculated according to metric weight or capacity. Saudi Arabia has been implementing the Brussels Harmonized Commodity Description and Coding System (H.S.) since 1991. To find customs duties for specific goods or for more information on Saudi customs, please check the web site of the Saudi Customs Office at www.saudi-customs.net.



BAHRAIN

Standard and Metrology Directorate (BSMD) is the national Standards Body of Bahrain, established in 1988 under provision of Legislative Decree No. 16 of 1985, with respect to standards and Metrology.

The Directorate now functions under the Ministry of Commerce and is governed by a National Committee for Standards & Metrology that chaired by the minister of commerce, his Excellency Mr. Ali Saleh Al-Saleh and comprised of representatives of governmental authorities, chamber of commerce and independent technical experts.
 
BSMD develops and publishes Bahraini national standards to meet international demands for quality, design, performance, safety and environmental impact of products and services. Its function span all other standardization activities, namely, Quality, Metrology, Standards Information services.

The Standardization & Metrology Law


Legislative Decree No. 16 of 1985, with respect to standards and Metrology (Arabic)

Standards Implementation

The Directorate of Standards and Metrology has put the required procedures to implement the National Standards in which the National Committee approves these Standards for Standards and Metrology. The National Committee approved several GCC Standards as Mandatory Standards followed by Ministerial Orders and then issued in the Official Gazette.

The Directorate has broadcasted the requirements of any product entering the market for nine main products to fulfill its conformity with the standards.
The nine Products controlled in the Customs:


  • Tires.

  • Car Batteries.

  • Asbestos.

  • Toys.

  • Plastic Bags.

  • Tissue Papers.

  • Cigarettes

  • Weighing Scales , Weights , Measuring Tapes & Meters 

  • Flash Tank Cisterns

Food inspection is the responsibility of Directorate of Public Health - Ministry of Health, and vehicle inspection is the responsibility of Directorate of Traffic. 
 
The Directorate has established two offices for inspection, one at customs office in Mina Salman and the second one at King Fahad Causeway , in addition to the random sampling in the local market to check and approve all regulated products before entrance into the market.



For Further information or
to order a standard,
please contact


Ministry of Commerce,
Directorate of Standards & Metrology,
Information Center
P.O.Box 5479
Kingdom of Bahrain
Tel: +973 17574871
Fax: +973 17530730
e-mail: bsmd@commerce.gov.bh

Opening Hours 07:00 to 14:00 Saturday to Wednesday




List of standards:
http://www.commerce.gov.bh/English/ConsumerProtection/StandardizationMetrologyDirectorate/BSMD+ActivitiesServices/Standards+Develoment/Standards+List/


KUWAIT

Public authority for Industry
Phd. Yousef Shehab Al Bahar
Vice General Director of PAI — Responsible for TBT SPS enquiries
Standards and Industrial Services Affairs (KOWSMD)
P.O. Box: 4690 Safat 13047 — Kuwait

Telephone: + (965) 431 87.40

Telefax: + (965) 431 67.04

E-mail: kowsmd@pai.gov.kw
http://www.pai.gov.kw/

Law decree No. 128/1977 Regarding Standardization:

https://www.pai.gov.kw/pls/portal30/docs/FOLDER/PAI/INDUSTRIALLAW/EN/8-15.html
Directory of Kuwait Standard Specifications

https://www.pai.gov.kw/pls/portal30/docs/FOLDER/PAI/STANDARDSANDREGULATIONS/EN/6-2-1.html

QATAR
Law No. (16) of the Year 2002 Establishing Qatar General Organization for

Standards and Metrology :

http://www.arifonet.org.ma/databases/Standard/Laws/Qatar/standards_law_qatar_us.htm